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Aristotelian ontological essentialism

I have yet to insert some Greek terminology denoted as [Greek] and the full citation details. ==============================  There is no interpretative consensus among Aristotelian scholars on the methodological principles Aristotle employed in arriving at his list of categories nor indeed how the categories themselves are related to these “classes” of entities. Are they primarily classes (a…

What is philosophy?

I have been struck by the number of posts that are tagged in WordPress blogs as “philosophy.” Given that philosophy is a central interest of mine I naturally have tag surfed “philosophy” from time to time. It has been somewhat of a disappointment to find, even on the most charitable of interpretations, that much of what is classed as…

Why were the early Christians persecuted?

I This well-worn question needs to be re-analyzed into the following three subsidiary questions. First, for what reasons did the government (i.e. the organs of state, broadly speaking, the emperor, the senate, officials, and provincial governors) persecute? Secondly, for what reasons did ordinary pagans (i.e. the general populace) demand persecution? Thirdly, we need to examine…

Polybius, Tyche and Causality in Historical Explanation

[Note: There are some formatting issues that still need to be attended to]  Polybius believes that the historian’s task is to identify the causes of past events, making these events intelligible and therefore functional to an educative (practical and moral) purpose. This conception of historical activity has to a great degree informed historical thinking ever…