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Philo’s Doctrine of the LOGOS

Philo of Alexandria: this is a slightly reworked essay, hopefully this time round with the Greek characters rendering correctly. For those who want to learn more about this fascinating character the best recent Philonic hubs are David Runia and Torrey Seland (and blog). Of course there are a few scholars from earlier generations (“pre-publish or perish days”) such as Bury, Dodd, and…

Hellenism and Hellenization

“Hellenism”, the noun for Greek idiom or spirit and “Hellenization”, the intransitive verb, are terms that are used so diversely in different contexts by different disciplines such that no substantive nor consistent meaning can be ascribed to the term’s content. Martin Hengel (1974, I:2) attributes the significance the term “Hellenism” now bears, to the work of…