May 1, 2011Darwin, Dennett, grayling, humanism, Ludwig Büchner, materialism, philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, richard dawkins, Thomas Huxley Long before Dennett, Dawkins, Grayling and others there was . . . Ludwig Büchner. According to Wikipedia: The extreme materialism of this work excited so much opposition that he was compelled to give up his post at Tübingen.