Here is a skeptical take on the insights supposedly offered by the rise of behavioral economics as represented by Daniel Kahneman and others. Since I’m in the process of reviewing Kahneman it will be interesting to see if Levine’s take on behavioral economics jibes with my take on Kahneman in particular and behavioral economics in general – I have a strong sense that is unlikely to be the case.
July 29, 2012 0 Comments Short URL Behavioral economics, Daniel Kahneman, Economics, Game Theory, Kahneman, Social science behavioral economics, bounded rationality, cognition, cognitive systems, complexity, computational psychology, david levine, neuroeconomics, neuromania, neurophilosophy, neuroscience, philosophy of mind, philosophy of social science, rationality, situated cognition, social cognition, social connectionism, social epistemology, social ontology, social psychology
I see that the publisher now has a fully detailed page up for a volume that I’ve been privileged to be a part of. The Foreword is by a very nice chappie going by the name of V.Smith and includes luminaries such as McCloskey, Boettke, Gintis, Steel and others. My abstract:
Mindscapes and Landscapes: Hayek and Simon on Cognitive Extension
Hayek’s and Simon’s social externalism runs on a shared presupposition: mind is constrained in its computational capacity to detect, harvest, and assimilate “data” generated by the infinitely fine-grained and perpetually dynamic characteristic of experience in complex social environments. For Hayek, mind and sociality are co-evolved spontaneous orders, allowing little or no prospect of comprehensive explanation, trapped in a hermeneutically sealed, i.e. inescapably context bound, eco-system. For Simon, it is the simplicity of mind that is the bottleneck, overwhelmed by the ambient complexity of the environmental. Since on Simon’s account complexity is unidirectional, Simon is far more ebullient about the prospects of explanation. Hayek’s social externalism functions as a kind of distributed “extra-neural” memory store manifest as dynamic spontaneous orders. Simon’s organizational rule-governed externalism negotiates the “inner” world (the mind) with the “outer” world through a homeostatic interface that offloads the cognitive burden into the environment. Their respective externalisms may differ in detail but not in spirit in that it ameliorates their shared presupposition of cognitive constraint. Even though any “optimization talk” for Hayek and Simon is objectionable, knowledge acquisition can be represented by a contextualized stigmergic swarm optimization algorithm that gives due emphasis to both the individual and the environment. The key insight is that “perfect” knowledge is unnecessary, impracticable and indeed irrelevant if one understands the mechanism at work in complex sociality, a stigmergic sociality that in effect augments or scaffolds cognition.
July 11, 2012 0 Comments Short URL Austrian School, Bounded Rationality, Cognition, Cognitive science, Colin McGinn, complexity, Economics, Extended Mind, Friedrich Hayek, Hayek, Herbert Simon, Philosophy of mind, social epistemology, Social science, Spontaneous order behavioral economics, bounded rationality, cognitive closure, Deirdre McCloskey, extended cognitive systems, extended mind, externalism, hayek, herb gintis, Pete Boettke, self organizing systems, self-referentiality, situated cognition, social cognition, social connectionism, social epistemology, social ontology, social psychology, spontaneous order, spontaneous orders, stigmergic, stigmergic cognition, stigmergy, vernon smith
Here is a draft of my entry for the SAGE Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences.
December 8, 2011 0 Comments Short URL Hayek, use of knowledge in society austrian economics, bounded rationality, cognition, cognitive closure, cognitive ecology, cognitive science, cognitive systems, Colin McGinn, collective intentionality, collective knowledge, complex adaptive systems, complexity, connectionism, cybernetics, distributed cognition, distributed knowledge, Economics, Embedded, embodied cognition, embodiment, emergence, enactivism, epistemic systems, epistemology, evolutionary psychology, extended cognitive systems, extended mind, externalism, freedom, individualism, philosophy of mind, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of social science, self organizing systems, self-referentiality, self-synchronizing systems, situated cognition, social cognition, social connectionism, social epistemology, social networking, social ontology, social psychology, socialism, sociocognition, sociology, spontaneous order, spontaneous orders
Hat-tip to my chum David Livingstone Smith for bringing my attention to this article in Slate.
December 3, 2011 0 Comments Short URL gender, neuroscience, sex cognitive science, nature-nurture, neurobiology, neuromania, neurophilosophy, neuroscience, philosophy of mind, social constructivism, social identity, social psychology, sociobiology, sociocognition
Here’s a recent co-authored book from Christian List. CL is probably the leading theorist in this area and one of the best philosophers around who, not so long ago, was not affiliated with a philosophy department (I see that he now has a joint appointment with the Department of Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method). How the F*** does he manage to be so productive and maintain such quality? Professionally he is on the steepest projectory of our generation. Astonishing! RESPECT. And he is still an EPISTEME associate editor!
September 10, 2011 0 Comments Short URL Christian List, cognitive systems, collaboration, collective intentionality, collective knowledge, group agency, Philip Pettit, philosophy of mind, philosophy of social science, social epistemology, social facts, social identity, social networking, social ontology, social psychology
October 13, 2010 Comments Off Short URL Boundaries of the Mind, Bounds of Cognition, cognition, cognitive science, cognitive systems, consciousness, Embedded, embodied cognition, embodiment, enactivism, extended cognitive systems, extended mind, externalism, individual, mind spread, philosophy of biology, philosophy of mind, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of science, philosophy of social science, robert wilson, social psychology, sociobiology, sociology
With today’s release of the film The Social Network some might be interested in a recent academic study published in Computers in Human Behavior.
October 1, 2010 Comments Off Short URL Amanda Nosko, constructivism, disclosure, Eileen Wooda, facebook, philosophy of social science, privacy, psychology, recommendation algorithm, Seija Molema, social cognition, social connectionism, social constructivism, social epistemology, social facts, social identity, social networking, social ontology, social psychology, spontaneous order, stigmergic, stigmergic cognition, stigmergy, swarm, swarm behavior, swarm intelligence, trust, truth
- Hayek in Beijing May 25, 2013
- A conceptual and empirical framework for the social distribution of cognition: The case of memory May 25, 2013
- Oakeshottian Modes at the Crossroads of the Evolution Debates May 24, 2013
- Geza Vermes: Death of a Great Scholar May 22, 2013
- Kermit Ruffins: We Partyin’ Traditional Style! May 22, 2013
- A Confederacy of Dunces – quotes and extracts – 13 May 22, 2013
- Mark Rowlands on the Extended Mind May 21, 2013
- Kripke resigns as report alleges he faked results of thought experiments May 20, 2013
- Social relationships and groups: New insights on embodied and distributed cognition May 19, 2013
- Oakeshott on Science as a Mode of Experience May 17, 2013
- A Confederacy of Dunces – quotes and extracts – 12 May 16, 2013
- Stigmergy and emergent behaviour May 15, 2013
- The socially extended mind May 14, 2013
- Consciousness and the social mind May 13, 2013
- Science of Swarms May 12, 2013