Here is an advance listing of the forthcoming volume Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences masterly edited by my chum Byron Kaldis. My contribution: Hayek and the “Use of Knowledge in Society”
January 14, 2013 0 Comments Short URL Austrian School, distributed cognition, distributed knowledge, Epistemology, Friedrich Hayek, Hayek, Philosophy, Philosophy of science, Road to Serfdom, social epistemology, Social science philosophy of science, philosophy of social science
Rob Devigne (or maybe it’s really Jack Nicholson) looks at Oakeshott’s ostensibly conservative stance – as several in this volume point out, this is very tricky territory indeed. Oakeshott is not a conservative that even most self-avowed conservatives would typically recognise.
The identification of Michael Oakeshott with conservatism is fraught with debate. To be sure, some analysts consider Oakeshott to be the modern incarnation of Burke. Moreover, during the closing decades of the twentieth century, conservative thinkers in the United Kingdom made the greatest claims to Oakeshott. Yet, different features of Oakeshott’s thought have made it possible for him to be read as a liberal, pragmatist, historicist, existentialist, postmodernist, as well as, a conservative. What, then, is conservative in Oakeshott’s political philosophy?
August 28, 2012 0 Comments Short URL a companion to michael oakeshott, Conservatism, Liberalism, Michael Oakeshott, Oakeshott, robert devigne philosophy of social science, political philosophy, politics
Here is a skeptical take on the insights supposedly offered by the rise of behavioral economics as represented by Daniel Kahneman and others. Since I’m in the process of reviewing Kahneman it will be interesting to see if Levine’s take on behavioral economics jibes with my take on Kahneman in particular and behavioral economics in general – I have a strong sense that is unlikely to be the case.
July 29, 2012 0 Comments Short URL Behavioral economics, Daniel Kahneman, Economics, Game Theory, Kahneman, Social science behavioral economics, bounded rationality, cognition, cognitive systems, complexity, computational psychology, david levine, neuroeconomics, neuromania, neurophilosophy, neuroscience, philosophy of mind, philosophy of social science, rationality, situated cognition, social cognition, social connectionism, social epistemology, social ontology, social psychology
In anticipation of the publication date (October) Penn State University Press are offering a 20% discount off the cover price of A Companion to Michael Oakeshott – download form here.
July 23, 2012 0 Comments Short URL Michael Oakeshott, Penn State University Press a companion to michael oakeshott, companion to michael oakeshott, companion to oakeshott, conservatism, liberal education, liberalism, michael oakeshott, philosophy, philosophy and literature, philosophy of education, philosophy of history, philosophy of mind, philosophy of social science, political philosophy, religion
Glowing review of Bengson and Moffett’s edited book: edited works are very difficult to assess and often suffer from being uneven in quality. But as the reviewer says: “The wealth of its perspectives and accounts is not merely a blessing but also a nightmare for the reviewer.” So, nice one Marc!
My chum David Emanuel Andersson has just had this edited collection published. Here is an excerpt from his intro:
In what is perhaps the best-known article in the history of the Austrian school, Friedrich Hayek (1945) asserts that market prices distill and thus reflect the unique local knowledge of a multitude of individuals, each of whom resides and works in a particular place. Because only an autonomously acting individual can take advantage of her unique creativity, skills, and personal connections to others, centralization of economic decisionmaking guarantees that much useful local knowledge is irretrievably lost. It is impossible to communicate the totality of all local entrepreneurial ideas and tacit knowledge to a small group of top-down planners; their cognitive limitations guarantee substandard economic performance (Hayek, 1952). We should therefore not be surprised that it is valuable to possess ‘‘knowledge of people, of local conditions, and special circumstances’’ (Hayek, 1945, p. 522). Given the great number of citations to Hayek (1945) in the general economics literature, it would require no great stretch of the imagination to imagine that Hayek – and by extension the Austrian school – had set in motion a way of theorizing about economic phenomena that later gave rise to theories about knowledge spillovers, urbanization economies, and local social networks. But this was not to be. There are virtually no references to Hayek or any other Austrian economist in the spatial economics literature prior to the year 2000. The lack of interest in Austrian economics among spatial economists was reciprocated by a similar lack of interest in spatial economics among self-professed Austrians. To my knowledge, Pierre Desrochers (1998) wrote the first explicitly Austrian contribution that deals exclusively with spatial economic phenomena. In spite of this historical disconnect, Austrian ideas have entered the spatial economics, economic geography, and urban planning literatures because of the close parallels between the influential ideas of the urbanist Jane Jacobs and Austrian market process theory. While Jacobs (1961) does not refer to Hayek or any other Austrian, her Death and Life of Great American Cities at times reads like an Austrian theory of urban planning: [N]obody, including the planning commission, is capable of comprehending places within the city other than in either generalized or fragmented fashion. They do not even have the means of gathering and comprehending the intimate, many-sided information required, partly because of their own unsuitable structural inadequacies in other departments. Here is an interesting thing about coordination both of information and of action in cities, and it is the crux of the matter: The principal coordination needed comes down to coordination among different services within localized places. This is at once the most difficult kind of coordination, and the most necessary. (Jacobs, 1961, quoted in Ikeda, 2006, p. 22) With her emphases on (implicit) methodological individualism, the importance of local knowledge, and complex evolving orders, Jacobs provides a rich source of insights for those who wish to combine Austrian economic theory with a dynamic approach to agglomeration economies. Such a dynamic approach focuses on entrepreneurial processes rather than on idealized equilibrium states. Unsurprisingly, both Hayek and Jacobs figure prominently in this volume. But they are far from the only influences. This book is a collection of 13 essays that address spatial aspects of the market process from refreshingly diverse approaches. They range from the extension of Austrian theory to spatial phenomena over hybrid combinations of ideas from distinct traditions to state-of-the-art spatial models that integrate Austrian concepts such as ‘‘roundaboutness’’ or entrepreneurial innovation.
June 22, 2012 0 Comments Short URL Austrian School, Friedrich Hayek, Hayek, Jane Jacobs, Social Sciences complex adaptive systems, complexity, David Emanuel Andersson, distributed cognition, distributed knowledge, individualism, liberalism, philosophy of economics, philosophy of social science, social epistemology, spatial economics, spontaneous orders
At last PSUP have published the contents.
June 10, 2012 0 Comments Short URL Conversation, Michael Oakeshott, Noel Malcolm, Oakeshott, Paul Franco, Philosophy, Political philosophy, Thomas Hobbes companion to michael oakeshott, companion to oakeshott, corey abel, david boucher, elizabeth corey, geoffrey thomas, kenneth mcintyre, kenneth minogue, martyn thompson, Noël Malcolm, Noël O’Sullivan, philosophical jurisprudence, philosophy of education, philosophy of history, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, philosophy of social science, rationalism in politics, Robert Devigne, robert grant, situated cognition, social cognition, social epistemology, social identity, Steven Gerencser, timothy fuller
June 7, 2012 0 Comments Short URL British Idealism, Michael Oakeshott, Oakeshott, Philosophy, Political philosophy oakeshott, philosophical jurisprudence, philosophy of education, philosophy of history, philosophy of social science, political philosophy
June 5, 2012 0 Comments Short URL Analytic philosophy, Anglo-Saxon, God, Newton, Philosophy, Philosophy of science, Stephen Hawking, Universe philosophy, philosophy and literature, philosophy of biology, philosophy of economics, philosophy of education, philosophy of history, philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of mind, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of religion, philosophy of science, philosophy of social science
Sandel plugging his latest. The journalist’s quote below has much resonance to me.
Even to a toddler’s mind, the logic of the transaction was evidently clear – if he had to be bribed, then the potty couldn’t be a good idea – and within a week he had grown so suspicious and upset that we had to abandon the whole enterprise.
June 4, 2012 0 Comments Short URL Free market, Market economy, Michael Sandel, Sandel adam smith, empathy, ethics, freedom, hayek, liberalism, libertarianism, liberty, moral philosophy, moral psychology, philosophy of economics, philosophy of social science, political philosophy, spontaneous orders
- Wagner bicentennial: Scruton on the philosophical background May 26, 2013
- Hayek in Beijing May 25, 2013
- A conceptual and empirical framework for the social distribution of cognition: The case of memory May 25, 2013
- Oakeshottian Modes at the Crossroads of the Evolution Debates May 24, 2013
- Geza Vermes: Death of a Great Scholar May 22, 2013
- Kermit Ruffins: We Partyin’ Traditional Style! May 22, 2013
- A Confederacy of Dunces – quotes and extracts – 13 May 22, 2013
- Mark Rowlands on the Extended Mind May 21, 2013
- Kripke resigns as report alleges he faked results of thought experiments May 20, 2013
- Social relationships and groups: New insights on embodied and distributed cognition May 19, 2013
- Oakeshott on Science as a Mode of Experience May 17, 2013
- A Confederacy of Dunces – quotes and extracts – 12 May 16, 2013
- Stigmergy and emergent behaviour May 15, 2013
- The socially extended mind May 14, 2013
- Consciousness and the social mind May 13, 2013