May 8, 2012 0 Comments Short URL cognition, cognitive closure, cognitive science, constructivism, distributed cognition, distributed knowledge, hayek, liberalism, liberty, philosophical psychology, philosophy of social science, qualia, rationalism, social constructivism, social epistemology, social ontology, socialism, sociocognition, spontaneous orders
I chanced upon this painting entitled “Cosmos and Taxis“. The inspiration is, of course, as the artist states:
One effect of our habitually identifying order with a made order or taxis is indeed that we tend to ascribe to all order certain properties which deliberate arrangements regularly, and with respect to some of these properties necessarily, possess. Such orders are relatively simple or at least necessarily confined to such moderate degrees of complexity as the maker can still survey; they are usually concrete in the sense just mentioned that their existence can be intuitively perceived by inspection; and, finally, having been made deliberately, they invariably do (or at one time did) serve a purpose of the maker. None of these characteristics necessarily belong to a spontaneous order or cosmos. Its degree of complexity is not limited to what a human mind can master. Its existence need not manifest itself to our senses but may be based on purely abstract relations which we can only mentally reconstruct. And not having been made it cannot legitimately be said to have a particular purpose, although our awareness of its existence may be extremely important for of successful pursuit of a great variety of different purposes.
March 12, 2012 0 Comments Short URL Arts, Business, complexity, Cosmo, Extended Mind, Friedrich Hayek, Mind, Philosophy, Philosophy of mind, Spontaneous order complex adaptive systems, complexity, constructivism, cosmos, hayek, rationalism, social connectionism, social epistemology, social ontology, spontaneous order, stigmergic, stigmergy, taxis
Shapin’s London Review of Books review of Michael Polanyi and His Generation: Origins of the Social Construction of Science by Mary Jo Nye. (Both Hayek and Oakeshott are mentioned by Shapin).
Michael Polanyi lives on in the footnotes. If you want to invoke the idea of ‘tacit knowledge’, Polanyi is your reference of choice. You’ll probably cite his major book Personal Knowledge (1958), maybe the earlier Science, Faith and Society (1946), maybe the later The Tacit Dimension (1966). ‘We know more than we can tell’ was Polanyi’s dictum. We know how to ride a bicycle, but we can’t write down how to do it, at least not in a way that allows non-cyclists to read our instructions, get on their bikes and ride off. We can reliably pick out a familiar face in a crowd, but we can’t say just what it is about the face that we recognise. And, crucially, since Polanyi is now known mainly as a philosopher of science, a scientist can’t adequately describe how to do a bit of science through any version of formalised ‘Scientific Method’. Whether the craft is cooking, carpentry or chemistry, the apprentice learns by watching and doing. Where knowledge and skill are concerned, it’s not all talk.
February 24, 2012 0 Comments Short URL Friedrich Hayek, London Review of Books, Michael Oakeshott, Michael Polanyi, Philosophy of science, Polanyi, Scientific method, social epistemology, Social Sciences, Tacit knowledge constructivism, knowing how knowing that, Mary Jo Nye, polanyi, rationalism, social constructivism, social epistemology, spontaneous orders, steven shapin, tacit knowledge
Here is a rather scathing review of David Weinberger’s Too Big To Know: Rethinking Knowledge Now that the Facts Aren’t the Facts, Experts Are Everywhere, and the Smartest Person in the Room Is the Room.
The renaissance of Marshall McLuhan in the era of the Web is disappointing for a number of reasons, not the least of which is its rather dull obviousness. There is little surprise that the quotable, evidence-free, technology-obsessed Canadian English professor would thrive in a technology-obsessed era where pithy quotes about the deep meaning of digital devices too often stands in for evidence. McLuhan, of course, was the master theorist of the medium; beyond the over-used “medium is the message,” McLuhan’s major insight was to argue that socio-technological systems — such as the media — operate on a grand scale, largely independent of the day-to-day interest us mere mortals might have in their actual content. McLuhan’s primary flaw, on the other hand, was to decouple this understanding of socio-technical system from any relationship to economics, politics, or society. As leading communications theorist James Carey put it, “McLuhan sees the principal effect [of communication technology] as impacting sensory organization and thought. McLuhan has much to say about perception and thought but little to say about institutions.”
German philosopher Martin Heidegger is less quoted in Silicon Valley than Marshall McLuhan, and not just because he was a Nazi. McLuhan and Heidegger are equally poor writers, but whereas McLuhan’s inscrutable prose has led to him being more read than he ought to be, unintelligibility has had the opposite outcome for Heidegger. A dazzlingly complex philosopher — probably the greatest of the 20th century — the most important aspect of Heidegger’s thought for our purposes is his understanding that human beings (or rather “Dasein,” “being-in-the-world”) are always thrown into a particular context, existing within already existing language structures and pre-determined meanings. In other words, the world is like the web, and we, Dasein, live inside the links.
February 3, 2012 0 Comments Short URL David Weinberger, distributed knowledge, Epistemology, Facts, Knowledge, social epistemology constructing the world, constructivism, distributed cognition, distributed knowledge, Heidegger, internet, Marshall McLuhan, network theory, networks, social cognition, social connectionism, social constructivism, social epistemology, social facts, social networking, social ontology, social reality
Here is the table of contents for my forthcoming (in press) edited volume focusing on The Sensory Order – this is the first salvo of shameless promotion.
“SOCIALIZING” THE MIND AND “COGNITIVIZING” SOCIALITY
“MARGINAL MEN”: WEIMER ON HAYEK
PART I: NEUROSCIENCE
HAYEK IN TODAY’S COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE
THE NON-CARTESIAN VIEW AND THE BRAIN
PART II: PHILOSOPHY OF MIND
HAYEK’S QUESTION: HOW CAN PARTS OF THE WORLD COME TO MODEL THE REST OF THE WORLD
HAYEK’S SPECULATIVE PSYCHOLOGY, THE NEUROSCIENCE OF VALUE ESTIMATION AND THE BASIS OF NORMATIVE INDIVIDUALISM
HAYEK, POPPER AND THE CAUSAL THEORY OF THE MIND
PEIRCE AND HAYEK ON THE ABSTRACT NATURE OF COGNITION AND SENSATION
HAYEK’S POST-POSITIVIST EMPIRICISM: EXPERIENCE BEYOND SENSATION
Jan Willem Lindemans
A NOTE ON THE INFLUENCE OF MACH’S PSYCHOLOGY IN HAYEK’S PSYCHOLOGY
PART III: MIND AND SOCIALITY
THE EMERGENCE OF THE MIND: HAYEK’S ACCOUNT OF MENTAL PHENOMENA AS A PRODUCT OF SPONTANEOUS PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL ORDERS
Gloria Zúñiga y Postigo
HAYEK’S SELF-ORGANIZING MENTAL ORDER AND FOLK-PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES OF THE MIND
BEYOND COMPLEXITY: CAN THE SENSORY ORDER DEFEND THE LIBERAL SELF?
COGNITIVE OPENING AND CLOSING: TOWARDS AN EXPLORATION OF THE MENTAL WORLD OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP
GETTING TO THE HAYEKIAN NETWORK
September 8, 2011 0 Comments Short URL behaviorism, brain, brain reading, brain science, Chiara Chelini, Chor-Yung Cheung, cognition, cognitive closure, cognitive science, cognitive systems, collective intentionality, collective knowledge, complex adaptive systems, complexity, computational intelligence, concept of mind, connectionism, consciousness, constructivism, distributed cognition, distributed knowledge, don ross, dualism, edward feser, Embedded, embodied cognition, embodiment, emergence, enaction, enactivism, epistemology, erol basar, evolutionary psychology, folk psychology, francesco varela, friedrich hayek, functionalism, Fuster, gerald edelman, ghost in the machine, Giandomenica Becchio, Gilbert Ryle, Gloria Zúñiga y Postigo, group cognition, hayek, individualism, James wible, Jan Willem Lindemans, joaquin fuster, joshua rust, knowing how knowing that, liberalism, mirror neurons, network theory, networks, neural correlates, neural networks, neurobiology, neuroeconomics, neurophilosophy, neuroscience, phenomenology, philosophical psychology, philosophy of mind, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of science, philosophy of social science, physicalism, Popper, quantum brain, reductionism, representationalism, self-referentiality, self-synchronizing systems, situated cognition, social cognition, social connectionism, social constructivism, social epistemology, social ontology, sociocognition, spontaneous order, stigmergic cognition, the "easy" problems, the "hard" problem, the sensory order, Thierry Aimar, Troy Camplin, walter weimer
May 8, 2011 0 Comments Short URL artificial intelligence, austrian economics, brain science, cognitive science, cognitive systems, complex adaptive systems, complexity, connectionism, consciousness, constructivism, distributed cognition, distributed knowledge, Embedded, embodied cognition, embodiment, emergence, enactivism, epistemic systems, epistemology, evolutionary biology, evolutionary psychology, extended cognitive systems, extended mind, externalism, hayek, mind body, neural networks, neurophilosophy, neuroscience, qualia, situated cognition, social cognition, social connectionism, social constructivism, social epistemology, social ontology, socialism, sociobiology, sociocognition, spontaneous order, The Road to Serfdom, the sensory order
I chanced upon this freely available review of Rorty’s notorious PMN (30th anniversary edition). It reminded me that I’d read PMN long before reading Oakeshott and that coming across Rorty’s invocation of Oakeshott’s conversational metaphor had no resonance for me. Even though I’m not in sympathy with Rorty and Oakeshott’s relativism I’m amazed at the kerfuffle it engenders.
With today’s release of the film The Social Network some might be interested in a recent academic study published in Computers in Human Behavior.
October 1, 2010 Comments Off Short URL Amanda Nosko, constructivism, disclosure, Eileen Wooda, facebook, philosophy of social science, privacy, psychology, recommendation algorithm, Seija Molema, social cognition, social connectionism, social constructivism, social epistemology, social facts, social identity, social networking, social ontology, social psychology, spontaneous order, stigmergic, stigmergic cognition, stigmergy, swarm, swarm behavior, swarm intelligence, trust, truth
March 2, 2010 Comments Off Short URL artificial intelligence, austrian economics, behaviorism, brain science, cognition, cognitive closure, cognitive modeling, cognitive science, cognitive systems, collective intentionality, complexity, computational intelligence, concept of mind, connectionism, consciousness, constructivism, cybernetics, david chalmers, distributed cognition, distributed knowledge, Economics, Edelman, Embedded, embodiment, emergence, Enacted, enactivism, epistemology, evolutionary psychology, extended cognitive systems, extended mind, externalism, frame problem, frank rosenblatt, functionalism, gerald edelman, Gilbert Ryle, hayek, hayek machine, hermeneutics, Inevitability Thesis, intentionality, knowing how knowing that, leslie marsh, Mass Collaboration, metaphysics, mind body, networks, neurobiology, neuroeconomics, neurophilosophy, neuroscience, particle swarm optimization, philosophy of economics, philosophy of mind, philosophy of social science, psychology, qualia, rationality, representationalism, Road to Serfdom, self-referentiality, situated cognition, social cognition, social connectionism, social constructivism, social epistemology, sociology, spontaneous order, stigmergy, swarm, swarm behavior, swarm intelligence, the "hard" problem, The Road to Serfdom, the sensory order
October 12, 2009 Comments Off Short URL constructivism, oakeshott, philosophy of education, philosophy of history, philosophy of mind, philosophy of social science, political philosophy, postmodern, relativism, social epistemology
- Social relationships and groups: New insights on embodied and distributed cognition May 19, 2013
- Oakeshott on Science as a Mode of Experience May 17, 2013
- A Confederacy of Dunces – quotes and extracts – 12 May 16, 2013
- Stigmergy and emergent behaviour May 15, 2013
- The socially extended mind May 14, 2013
- Consciousness and the social mind May 13, 2013
- Science of Swarms May 12, 2013
- Jazz as conversation May 11, 2013
- Oakeshott on the Character of Religious Experience: Need There be a Conflict Between Science and Religion? May 11, 2013
- The Dynamically Extended Mind – A Minimal Modeling Case Study May 10, 2013
- A Confederacy of Dunces – quotes and extracts – 11 May 9, 2013
- Hayek May 8, 2013
- Preservation Hall: New Album May 7, 2013
- Kingdom Come May 7, 2013
- Functionalism and mental boundaries May 6, 2013